Importance of engineering properties of biological materials, Study of different physical and thermal characteristics of important biological materials like shape, size, volume, density, roundness, sphericity, surface area, specific heat, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, etc. measurement of colour, flavour, consistency, viscosity, texture and their relationship with food quality and composition. Rheological characteristics like stress, strain time effects, rheological models and their equations. Aerodynamic characteristics and frictional properties. Application of engineering properties in handling processing machines and storage structures. Concept, objectives and need of quality, quality control, methods of
quality control, sampling; purpose, sampling techniques, requirements and sampling procedures for liquid, powdered and granular materials, sensory quality control, panel selection methods, interpretation of sensory results in statistical quality control, TQM and TQC, consumer preferences and acceptance, Food Laws and Regulations in India. Food grades and standards BIS, AGMARK, PFA, FPO, CAC (Codex Alimantarious Commission), sanitation in food industry , GMP, HACCP (Hazard analysis and critical control point) and ISO 9000 Series.