ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research celebrated its 24th Foundation Day on 5th September, 2017 at Institute’s Main Campus, Kanpur (U.P.) coinciding with completion of 50 years of pulses research (1967-2017 under AICRP) in the country. On this auspicious occasion, revered Padma Bhusan Prof. R.B. Singh, hon’ble Chancellor of Central Agricultural University, Imphal acted as the Chief Guest. Besides him, hon’ble Vice chancellor, Prof S. Solomon, CSAUAT, Kanpur, Dr Sanker Lal, Former Director, ICAR-IIPR, Kanpur and Dr Masood Ali, Former Director, ICAR-IIPR, Kanpur also participated in this grand celebration.
Dr N.P. Singh, Director, ICAR-IIPR, Kanpur while highlighting the achievements of the Institute, mentioned that significant contributions made by scientists, researchers, farmers and policy makers both at Central and State Government level, the country has made a history by the record production of pulses to the tune of 22.95 million tonnes in 2016-17. He stressed on the importance of large scale seed production (through 149 seed hubs and strengthening Breeder Seed Production on large scale), developing Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) products using genomic resources, commercialization of matching agro-technologies, adequate policy support (minimum Support Price, market support, financial incentives, pulses buffer stock and good governance), value addition and processing and capacity development (skill training) in achieving self-sufficiency in pulses.
He added that the institute had developed 15 most promising varieties of pulses for cultivation in different parts of the country during last couple of years which include 4 in chickpea (IPC 2004-01, IPC 2004-98, IPC 2005-62 & IPC 2006-77), 4 in fieldpea (IPFD 10-12, IPFD 11-5, IPFD 12-2 & IPFD 6-3), 3 in lentil (IPL 316, IPL 526 & IPL 520), 2 in mungbean (IPM 410-3 & IPM 205-7) and one in pigeonpea (IPA 203) and urdbean (IPU 07-3). One hybrid of pigeonpea, IPH 09-5, has also been developed which is currently under evaluation/release in NEPZ region. Besides these, the institute has also developed 4 land mark varieties of pulses with specific features and unique characteristics viz. lentil ‘IPL 220’ (high Fe and Zn fortified variety), pigeonpea ‘IPH 09-5’ (early duration hybrid), mungbean ‘IPM 205-7’ (Virat, a Super early variety) and Fieldpea ‘IPFD 10-12’ (a green seeded variety). A breakthrough in decreasing cost of cultivation and increasing farm output/income is made through mechanical harvesting of chickpea through popularization of suitable chickpea varieties like, GBM 2, NBeG 47 and HC 5 (with >20 cm ground clearance), and Dal recovery by IIPR Mini Dal Mill, he added.
In his address, Dr S. Solomon also stressed on the role of pulses in protein nutrition when most of the Indian population thrives on vegetarian diet. He reiterated the importance of pulses in food and nutritional security in the country. In his address, Dr Sanker Lal, Former Director,IIPR, Kanpur highlighted the function of pulses as indispensible food in time to come. These are the crops which can thrive under unfavourable climatic condition yet can yield adequately if little care is taken. Dr Masood Ali, Former Director, IIPR, Kanpur showed that yield improvements can be substantially possible through good agronomic practices. Productivity of crop or cropping system can be increased tremendously when matching agro-technologies are in vogue. Pulses can play a vital role in our economy as it has the potential of doubling farm income. Sustainability in pulses sector is an important issue which needs to be addressed at different stake holders.
Padma Bhusan Prof RB SINGH in his inaugural address presented the awards to the scientists of staffs of ICAR-IIPR for their outstanding contribution in Pulses. He also awarded farmers for their commendable achievements in the farming of pulses. He stressed the role of pulses in national economy. He called upon everybody so as to contribute their share in making our county proud. On the eve of teachers’ day he stressed that knowledge is power. He called for technological integration towards a smart agriculture so as to transform our own country to a smart or developed nation. Since pulses are the pulse of development, these can have the potential to double the farmers’ income and realizing self-sufficiency in production.
This is followed by the vote of thanks by Dr I.P. Singh the project Coordinator, AICRP on pigeonpea.