Weather Based Agro Advisory


Significant Weather Features (IMD)

  • A Western Disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation over north Pakistan and adjoining Jammu & Kashmir extending upto 3.1 km above mean sea level and another Western Disturbance as a trough in midtropospheric westerlies with its axis at 5.8 km above mean sea level roughly along longitude 50.0°E and north of latitude 25.0°N are the major synoptic features. Under the influence of these systems, fairly widespread to widespread rain//thunderstorm activity is very likely over Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh during next 48 hours.
  • Thunderstorm occurred at isolated places over South Interior Karnataka and Kerala from 0830 hours IST of yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today.
  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.

Main Weather Observations (IMD)

  • Rain/snow occurred at many places over Jammu & Kashmir. Rain/Thundershowers occurred at isolated places over Tamilnadu & Puducherry and Kerala.
  • Yesterday maximum temperatures > 37.0°C were observed at many places over Gujarat, Telangana and Rayalaseema; at a few places over West Rajasthan and at isolated places over Madhya Maharashtra, Vidarbha, and south Coastal Andhra Pradesh & Tamilnadu.
  • Maximum temperature departures as on 21.03.2017: Maximum temperatures were appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at many places over Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab and West Rajasthan; at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi and Gujarat, above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at many places over East Rajasthan, at a few places over coastal Tamilnadu & Puducherry and at isolated places over Madhya Pradesh, Konkan & Goa and Kerala. They were appreciably below normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) ) at most places over Bihar and Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; at many places over Gangetic West Bengal & Sikkim and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura and at isolated places over Uttar Pradesh, coastal Odisha and Assam & Meghalaya and near normal over rest of the country.
  • The highest maximum Temperature of 39.5°C recorded at Kurnool (Rayalaseema).
  • Minimum temperature departures as on 22.03.2017: Minimum temperatures are appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at many places over Jammu & Kashmir and at a few places over Himachal Pradesh and at isolated places over West Rajasthan; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Uttarakhand and Punjab; at many places over West Rajasthan and Gujarat states; at a few places over Tamilnadu & Puducherry and at isolated places over Madhya Maharashtra, Coastal Karnataka and coastal Andhra Pradesh. They are markedly below normal ( 5.0°C or less) at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya; appreciably below normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at a few places over Vidarbha, Gangetic West Bengal and Odisha; at isolated places over Chhattisgarh and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Jharkhand and Telangana; at many places over East Madhya Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh; at a few places over Bihar and at isolated places over rest West Madhya Pradesh, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and Konkan & Goa and Marathawada and near normal over rest of the country.

Weather Warning during next 5 days (IMD)

  • 22 March (Day 1): Thunderstorms accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Heavy rain/snow very likely at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir.
  • 23 March (Day 2): Thunderstorms accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.
  • 24 March (Day 3): Thunderstorms accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over east Bihar and Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.
  • 25 March (Day 4): Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Arunachal Pradesh and Assam & Meghalaya. Thunderstorms accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.
  • 26 March (Day 5): No Weather Warning.
  • The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 22 to 28 March 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from http://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower may occur over Jammu & Kashmir,  Tamilnadu & Puducherry and Kerala. (Fig. 2).

  • Agricultural activities (AICRPAM-CRIDA)
    Gujrat
    Weather condition:
                Dry weather prevailed in Gujarat state during past few days. The actual average maximum temperature is 0.6 °C lower and minimum temperature is higher in tune of 0.6 °C as compared to their normal values.
    Contingency measure

    • Late sown wheat should be harvested in early morning as temperature will high at noon time. Complete the sowing of summer pearlmillet. Summer Green gram Select variety like K-851, Gujarat moong-2, Gujarat moong-3, Pusa baisakhi and sowing @ seed rate 20-25 kg /ha. Give seed treatment of Rizobium culture before sowing. Apply 20 kg Nitrogen and 40 kg P2O5 / ha as basal.
    • Maize: maturity: harvest mature cob and store in safe place. Castor: Maturity: Harvest the matured spike in early morning hours and stored in safe place.
    • Carry out sowing of okra, cluster bean and cowpea for summer season vegetables. Transplant brinjal seedling during evening hours.
    • Banana Use of wheat straw as a mulch material (12.5 kg/plant) in banana orchards is useful in increasing the bunch weight and conservation of soil moisture. Due to variable weather farmers are advised to constant monitoring against attack of pest and disease in vegetable crop, if symptom observed then take protection measures as per recommendation when sky remain clear.

    Cattle: Keep indoor at night time. Give dry fodder twice a day. Normal water given for drinking. Vaccination should be done for Brucellosis of cattle there are chances of many infection due to session change. FMD vaccination should be done.


(Source:Email: pc-agromet@crida.in, CRIDA, Hyderabad )

Updated on 22-03-2017 05:35 PM

Weather Based Agro Advisory 2014