Weather Based Agro Advisory

Crop losses due to unseasonal rains during 1st week of March 2015 and Contingency Recommendations

Monsoon Watch

  • The Northern Limit of Monsoon (NLM) continues to pass through Lat 05.0°N/ Long. 79.0°E, Hambantota(Srilanka), Lat. 10.0°N/ Long. 86.0°E, Lat. 13.0°N / Long. 89.0°E and Lat. 18.0°N / Long. 95.0°E.
  • Conditions are favorable for further advance of southwest monsoon into southern parts of southeast Arabian sea, Maldive, Comorin area and some more parts of south & central Bay of Bengal during next 2 days.

Significant weather observations

  • Thunderstorms have been observed at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya, East Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Lakshadweep between 0830 of yesterday to 0530 hours IST of today.
  • Heat wave to severe heat wave conditions are prevailing at a few places over Odisha and Coastal Andhra Pradesh. Heat wave conditions are also prevailing at a few places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Rajasthan, north Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and at isolated places over West Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Telangana.

Main Weather Observations

  • Light rain/thundershowers has occurred at most places over Arunachal Pradesh and Assam & Meghalaya; at many places Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal & Sikkim and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura and at isolated places over Uttarakhand, West Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Coastal Andhra Pradesh Coastal Karnataka, Kerala and Andaman& Nicobar Islands. Weather remained dry over rest of the country.
  • The amounts of rainfall (in cm) recorded at 0830IST of today are : Cherapunji-15, Dhubri-5;Jalpaiguri-4;Midnapur, Nancowry & Gopalpur-3each; Pahalgaon, Banihal, Kalpa, Coochbehar, Purulia, Balurghat, Passighat, Guwahati, Tangla, Majbat and Tezpur-2each and Kupwara, Gulmarg, Srinagar, Banihal, Manali, Gangtok, Panagarh, Kohima, Deomali, Silchar, Kailashahar, andKavali-1each.
  • Minimum temperatures are above normal by 2-4°C at at most places over Kerala; at many places over Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, north Madhya Pradesh, Saurashtra & Kutch, Odisha, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Konkan & Goa and Coastal Karnataka; at a few places over Uttarakhand, Gangetic West Bengal and Tamilnadu and at isolated places over Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat Region, Vidarbha, North Interior Karnataka and Rayalaseema. They were below normal by 2-3°C at many places over Jammu & Kashmir; at a few places over Himachal Pradesh and Assam & Meghalaya and near normal over rest of the country.
  • The highest maximum temperature of 47.0°C was recorded at Angul (Odisha).
  • Kalpana-1: Cloud imagery of 0830 hours IST shows convective clouds over some parts of Jammu & Kashmir, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya, southeast Arabian sea, Bay of Bengal and Andaman sea. Low/medium clouds are seen over rest parts of the country.

Figure: 1. Latest available satellite picture as on 25th May 2015 at 0230 Hrs (IST).

Weather Forecast for next 5 days (upto 0830 hours IST of 31stMay, 2015)

  • Fall in day temperatures by about 2°C over Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Vidarbha from 28th May onwards leading to abetment heat wave conditions.
  • Latest available satellite picture (Fig.1) indicates the current cloud condition across Indian region.
  • The climate outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 26thMay to 03rdJune 2015 (Fig.2). Rain/thundershowers would occur at many places over northeastern states, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and scattered to fairly widespread rainfall over extreme south peninsular India.
  • Advance of southwest monsoon over India during 26th May 2015 (Fig.3).

Weather Outlook for subsequent 2 days from 31stMay 2015 to 02ndJune 2015

  • Rain/thundershowers would occur at many places over northeastern states, Sub Himalayan West Bengal &Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  • Scattered to fairly widespread rainfall activity over extreme south peninsular.

Agricultural activities

  • High velocity dust storm and rainfall were witnessed in western part of state. Hot and dry weather was observed in rest of the state during past few days. The maximum temperature was ranges from 37.2 to 42.2°C with mean value of 40.5°C which was above normal by 1.8°C and minimum temperature was ranged from 22.6 to 29.1°C with mean value of 25.5°C which was above normal by 0.6°C. Agricultural operations like summer ploughing, Irrigation in summer crops, vegetables and fodder cropsare in progress. Green and black gram are at pod filling stage and fodder crop are at vegetative stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.
  • Moderate rainfall received in Tamil Nadu state during past few days. The maximum and minimum temperature are below normal in the entire state. Agricultural operations like harvesting of vegetables is in progress.Banana is in fruit development to maturity stage. Vegetables are in fruiting stage.Chilli is in fruiting stage and summer pulses are in maturity stage. Severe intensity of eriophyid mite, rhinoceros beetle and red palm weevil in coconut, moderate intensity of dieback and fruit rot in chilli, fruit borer in tomato. Low intensity of fruit borer in chilli were observed.
  • Light rainfall received in Uttarakhand state during past few days. Both the temperatures are slightly above to the normal.  Agricultural operations like Sowing of rice, barnyard millet, maize, urd bean, moong bean and arrangement of seeds for next crops like finger millet and soybean. Irrigation & mulching in newly planted orchards and some of the vegetable crops and seed crops of cabbage, cauliflower, radish, carrot, turnip and transplanting of tomato, capsicum & brinjal seedlings. Picking of pea pods, harvesting of spinach and garlic are in progress. Physiological maturity in wheat, barley, chick pea, field pea and lentil in valleys, growth stage in potato, tomato and brinjal in irrigated valleys, grain filling stage in early sown wheat and barley in mid hills, growth stage in late sown rabi crops in mid and higher hills, Fruit setting in temperate fruit crops. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

(Source:Email:, CRIDA, Hyderabad )

Updated on 27-05-2015 08:55 AM

Weather Based Agro Advisory 2014