Weather Based Agro Advisory

Crop losses due to unseasonal rains during 1st week of March 2015 and Contingency Recommendations

Monsoon Watch

  • The Southwest monsoon has further advanced into remaining parts of Andaman sea, some more parts of southeast Bay of Bengal and some parts of southwest & east central Bay of Bengal.
  • The Northern Limit of Monsoon (NLM) passes through Lat.05°N/ Long. 79.0°E, Hambantota (Srilanka),Lat. 10°N/ Long. 86.0°E, Lat. 13.0°N/Long. 89.0 and Lat. 18.0°N/ Long.95.0E.

Significant weather observations

  • Thunderstorms have been observed at a isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, East Rajasthan, Bihar, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim , Assam & Meghalaya, Chhattisgarh and Odisha between 0830 hours IST of yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today.
  • Heat wave conditions were prevailed at many places over Vidarbha; at a few places over Telangana and West Madhya Pradesh and at isolated places over East Rajasthan and Coastal Andhra Pradesh.

Main Weather Observations

  • Rain/thundershowers has occurred at most places over Sub Himalaya West Bengal & Sikkim; at many places over Andaman & Nicobar islands; at a few places over Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura and at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Gangetic West Bengal, Madhya Maharashtra, Coastal Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu. Weather remained dry over rest of the country.
  • The amounts of rainfall (in cm) recorded at 0830 hours IST of are: Long Islands-13; Mayabander-10; Kalimpong & Dhubri-5each; Gangtok, Jalpaiguri & Hut Bay-3each; Tadong-2and Darjeeling, Kailashahar & Kolkata-1each.
  • Minimum temperatures are above normal by 2-4°C at many places over West Bengal & Sikkim, Odisha; at a few places Rajasthan, West Madhya Pradesh, northeastern states, Gujarat state, Madhya Maharashtra, Marathawada, Telangana, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, North Interior Karnataka & Andaman & Nicobar Islands and at isolated places over Punjab, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Konkan & Goa, Kerala and Tamilnadu. They are below normal by 2-3°C at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & East Madhya Pradesh and near normal over rest of the country.
  • The highest Maximum Temperature of 47.4°C was recorded at Chandrapur (Maharashtra).
  • Kalpana-1: Cloud imagery of 0830 hours IST shows convective clouds over some parts of Sub Himalayan West Bengal, Assam & Meghalaya, southeast Arabian sea, south, northeast and east central Bay of Bengal and Andaman sea. Low/medium clouds are seen over West Rajasthan, West Bengal & Sikkim, northeastern states, Odisha, Gujarat state and peninsular India.

Figure: 1. Latest available satellite picture as on 21th May 2015 at 0230 Hrs (IST).

Weather Forecast for next 5 days (upto 0830 hours IST of 26th May, 2015)

  • Day temperature would rise by 2-3°C over plains of northwest & adjoining west and central India during next 2-3days.
  • Latest available satellite picture (Fig.1) indicates the current cloud condition across Indian region.
  • The climate outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 21st to 29th May 2015 (Fig.2). Rain/thundershowers would occur over Western Himalayan region, northeastern states, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, west coast, peninsular India and Andaman & Nicobar islands.

Weather Outlook for subsequent 2 days from 26th to 28thMay 2015

  • Rain/thundershowers would occur at many places over northeastern states, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar islands.
  • Rain/thundershowers would also occur at a few places along west coast. Rain/thundershowers would occur at isolated places over rest peninsular India and Western Himalayan region.

Agricultural activities

  • Light rainfall received in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during past few days. Both maximum and minimum temperatures remained variable and ranged from 28.6 to 40.2 °C and 19.0 to 22.4 °C, respectively. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of timely sown wheat, sowing of diancha for green manuring specifically in the fields where rice is to be taken during kharif, hoeing and weeding in summer pulse crops. Sowing of mash (var.) pant u-19, Uttara and moong (var.) PDM-54, ML-131, ML 818, PS-16, PS-7 is in progress. Hoeing and weeding in summer pulse and sowing of summer fodder (maize + cowpea + charri) and bajra crops are in progress. Moderate intensity of heliothis armigera  in onion & garlic crops were noticed.
  • Light rainfall received in Himachal Pradesh state during past few days. Maximum temperature ranged between 29.0 to 32.3°C and minimum 15.0 to 22.0°C both remained above normal by 0.9 to 2.4°C and 1.8 to 4.4°C, respectively. Agricultural operations like arrangement of fodder for cattle and dairy animals and sowing of summer vegetable crops are in progress. Moderate intensity of late blight in potato crops was noticed.
  • Light rainfall received in Jharkhand state during past few days. Daily maximum and minimum temperature ranged between 33.3 to 40.3°C and 22.6 to 28.3 ºC respectively. Agricultural operations like inter cultural operation in summer moong, land preparation for the cultivating of ginger & turmeric and irrigation is going on for the summer vegetables are in progress. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

(Source:Email:, CRIDA, Hyderabad )

Updated on 21-05-2015 05:55 PM

Weather Based Agro Advisory 2014