25th January, 2013, Karnal
One more feather is added to the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal cap on 25th January 2013 when a female calf was born from cloned buffalo Garima. NDRI has named the newborn female calf “Mahima”. In the world, it is the first calf born from cloned buffaloes, produced through hand guided cloning technique. Mahima, weighing 32 kg, was born on 25th January 2013 at 1.51 PM by normal parturition. The newborn “Mahima” is keeping very good health and have started suckling of milk within 30 minutes of birth.
National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal is known across the globe and came in lime light for production of World’s first buffalo cloned calf Garima. This institute is continuing this frontier technique for producing more cloned animals. The Garima, born on 22nd August 2010 as a major achievement of the NAIP funded sub-project #4137, entitled, “Characterisation and Differentiation of Embryonic and Spermatogonial Stem Cells in Cattle and Buffaloes” attained early sexual maturity at 19 months of age compared to her contemporaries (around 28 months) and was inseminated with frozen-thawed semen of a progeny tested bull of NDRI No. 1875 on 27th March 2012, which resulted in conception. She was maintained under standard scientific management system during her gestation. On 25th Morning, she showed impending calving symptoms and was given medical care. At around 1.00 PM she showed symptoms of second stage of parturition and calved normally upon slight Veterinary medical assistance. The jubilant team of scientists informed that the mother and calf are in perfect health condition.
The consortium investigators team is maintaining four embryonic stem cell lines of buffalo already developed and characterized by them for the long term; and is further engaged in developing spermatoginial stem cell line with NAIP support. This research has bearing on conservation of the species as well as its reproduction in eventualities
(Source: National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal and National Agricultural Innovation Project)