Andhra Pradesh

STATE-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS FOR HIGHER AGRICULTURAL GROWTH

 

Growing of superior cultivars like Mallika, Manjeera, AU Rumani, Pusa Arunima, Pusa Surya 

  and   Ambika

Top working of unproductive trees with superior cultivars

Application of paclobutrazol for inducing regular bearing

Management of leaf hopper and powdery mildew

Adoption of fertigation and canopy management to enhance productivity

Banana

Banana with 48,500 ha and production of 1.25 million tonnes is an important crop in the state. However, its productivity is 25 tonnes/ha, which is below the national average. The demonstration conducted in the state with tissue culture virus-free plants, fertigation and effective management recorded yield of 90 tonnes/ha in cultivar Grand Naine. Therefore, there is a potential for enhancing production and productivity through adoption of technology, with following interventions:

Planting of tissue cultured cultivar Grand Naine, drip irrigation/fertigation and use of 

  micronutrients like zinc, boron and manganese

Limiting ratooning to only one

Replacement of dwarf Cavendish and Robusta with Grand Naine

Replacement of Karpuravalli with Udhyam

High density planting with population of 3,0004,500 plants/ha

Use of pseudostem waste for vermicomposting

Conversion of perennial plantation of Poovan group to three crop cycle

Coconut

Coconut is cultivated in 104,000 ha and its productivity is 65 nuts/palm/year, against a potential of 160 nuts/palm/year. Reasons for low productivity are non-adoption of high yielding varieties, imbalanced nutrition, poor irrigation management practices, low adoption of inter/mixed cropping systems and severe losses due to basal stem rot and stem bleeding diseases. The productivity will be doubled with following technological interventions:

Replacing old plantations with high yielding varieties like Laccadive Ordinary, Double Century, Philippines Ordinary, East Coast Tall, Gangabondam and hybrids like Godhavari Ganga

Adoption of high density multispecies cropping system with coconut, pepper, cocoa, cinnamon, banana and pineapple

Integrated disease management for basal stem rot and stem bleeding diseases

Tomato

A large produce comes from Kurnool, Chittoor, Rangareddy and Prakasam districts. The area under tomato has been 41,400 ha with total production of 1.25 million tonnes, and a productivity of 18 tonnes/ha. However, there is a scope to increase productivity more than two times with the adoption of following technological interventions:

Adoption of cultivars such as Arka Saurabh, Arka Vardan

Adoption of tomato hybrids (Arka Ananya, BRH 2) resistant to bacterial wilt

Integrated nutrient management and raised bed planting

        Integrated management of diseases and pests using marigold as trap crop

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