Andhra Pradesh

STATE-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS FOR HIGHER AGRICULTURAL GROWTH

Farm Tools and Equipment

The tools, equipment and technologies which will help in timely completion of farm operations, better placement of inputs and drudgery reduction, resulting in higher productivity in agriculture and post harvest processing in the state are : laser land leveler, rotavator, puddler, paddy seeder/transplanter, cono weeder, zero-till drill, multi-crop thresher, vertical conveyor reaper, reaper binder, greenhouse technology, accelerated jute retting, evaporatively cooled storage (ECS), modern ginning, primary lac processing, modern grain milling, cotton stalk particle boards, fish transport and solid-state biogas plant.

Livestock and Poultry

The state is comparatively rich in livestock and poultry wealth with 0.39 million crossbred cattle, 1.2 million non-descript cattle and 3.9 million buffaloes in milk, producing around 7.7 million tonnes of milk annually, and buffaloes are contributing the major share of milk. With 16.5 billion egg production per annum, the state ranks first in the country. The meat production in state is 0.45 million tonnes annually. Although the state has utilized the potentiality to a large extent, it has further scope to enhance productivity of cattle, buffalo, sheep and poultry with adoption of following technologies:

Improved germplasm of Frieswal cattle and Murrah buffalo for 5 % increase in milk production

Crystoscope assisted Artificial Insemination for improving conception rate by 20%

Field based diagnostic kits (bovine viral diarrhoea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, peste des petitis ruminants) and vaccines (foot-and-mouth disease, haemorrhagic septecemia, bluetongue) for enhanced production and income

Complete feed blocks and area-specific mineral (Ca, P, Cu and Mn) supplementation for 10-15% improvement in productivity

Hormonal modulation of poultry in organized farms for 5% increase in egg production

Value addition and improving shelf life of poultry products (chicken meat idli, kababs, patties)

Fisheries

Andhra Pradesh has been contributing significantly to the fish basket of the country in the recent years through an effective strategy in both coastal and freshwater aquaculture and marketing. The state has 5.17 lakh ha of freshwater ponds and tanks, 11,514 km of rivers and canals, 4.58 lakh ha of reservoirs and 150,000 ha of water areas suitable for coastal aquaculture. The inland fish production is 6.8 lakh tonnes, with the mean yield of pond aquaculture under FFDA being around 3.5 tonnes/ha/year, above the national average. Further, by virtue of its 974 km long coastline, the state produces 2.97 lakh tonnes of marine fish annually. Quality shrimp and scampi seed and feed, low utilization of reservoir resources available in the state are the major factors responsible for the existing gap between the potential and actual production in the inland sector. In marine fisheries, unregulated multi-day fishing is a major concern. Suitable technological interventions for the state are:

Carp and catfish culture (achievable yield 6 tonnes/ha/year; 2 tonnes/ha/year)

Shrimp and scampi farming (2.0 tonnes/ha/year; 1.5 tonnes/ha/year)

Setting up aqua-feed production units and disease diagnostic centres

 

 

       

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