Of the total geographical area of 4.42 million ha in the state, 80% is under cultivation, and the irrigated area constitutes 84% of the cultivated area. The cropping intensity of the state is 181% and the total foodgrains production is 13.1 million tonnes. The dominant cropping systems are rice-wheat, cotton-wheat and pearlmillet-wheat. About 62% area of the state is underlain with poor quality water. The state is facing problems of declining as well as rising water tables, soil salinity/alkalinity (0.23 million ha), declining soil health and stagnating crop productivity. There is need for site-specific nutrient management, amelioration of salt affected soils, drainage and resource conserving technologies. Suggested interventions for natural resource management for agriculture in the state are as follows:

Site-specific nutrient management on 0.5 million ha to increase foodgrains production by 0.4 

  million tonnes/annum

Adoption of zero tillage technology on 1.5 million ha area in wheat-based cropping systems to 

  enhance wheat production by 0.3 million tonnes

Amelioration of 0.23 million ha of alkali soils through addition of gypsum to produce additional 

  1.6 million tonnes of foodgrains

Adoption of new generation planter (happy seeder/turbo seeder) on about 5 lakh ha to 

  provide additional wheat production of 1 million tonnes/annum

Diversification of rice-wheat with short duration summer mungbean for restoring soil health 

  and increasing pulse production. Growing mungbean on 0.1 million ha area would provide 

  pulse production of 0.8 million tonnes

About 49,000 ha saline area to be provided sub-surface drainage that would increase 

  foodgrains production by 0.9 million tonnes



The state has about 1 million ha under rice cultivation, which is mostly irrigated. The state average productivity is about 3.1 tonnes/ha. The major constraints in production are: water scarcity, soil salinity/alkalinity, zinc deficiency and bacterial leaf blight. The important interventions are:

Growing salt tolerant varieties CSR 30 and CSR 27

Growing high-yielding basmati varieties Pusa Basmati 1, Pusa Sugandh 4, Pusa Sugandh 5 and HBC 19

Bacterial blight resistant, high-yielding variety Improved Pusa Basmati 1

Increased coverage under hybrids PHB 71, 6444, Pusa RH 10, Suruchi, DRRH 2, HKRH

Use of leaf colour charts for balanced use of nitrogen

Use of farm machineries such as drum seeder