Himachal Pradesh

STATE-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS FOR HIGHER AGRICULTURAL GROWTH

 

Adequate and balanced fertilization (6080 kg N, 4060 kg P and 20 kg K)

Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin @ 11.25 kg a.i./ha

Apple

Himachal Pradesh is the second largest producer of apple in the country, and provides livelihood to a large population of the state. However, productivity continues to be low compared to its potential. The major constraints have been monoculture of delicious varieties without adequate pollination management, non-availability of irrigation in mid-hill areas, incidence of diseases and insect pests and inadequate post harvest management. There is adequate scope for increasing productivity and improving quality by resorting to:

High-density plantation on clonal rootstocks of M 793 and MM 106 of superior varieties

Use of identified pollinizers (Gloster, Golden Hornet, Gold Spur, Malus floribunda) and also bee keeping

Top working of young plantation and replacement of old senile trees with superior cultivars (Oregon

  Spur, Vance Delicious, Starking Gola, Silver Spur)

Drip irrigation to mid-hill plantation

Integrated management of scab and other diseases

Appropriate harvesting, packing and storage

Off-season vegetables

Agro-climate in the state provides opportunity for production of off-season vegetables for sustainable income to the farmer. The important vegetables are: tomato, cauliflower, cabbage, pea and capsicum. A wide range of agroclimatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh with elevation range of 200-4,000 metres and temperature range of 010C (winter) and 15-300C (summer) provides ample scope to cultivate various important crops in Himachal Pradesh. The area under vegetables in Himachal Pradesh is about 59,100 ha, with a production of 1.01 lakh tonnes. The average productivity is 17 tonnes/ha which is low, but can be doubled with technological interventions.

Tomato

Adoption of hybrids (Arka Vardan, Avinash 2, JKTH 3055, Nun 7730, TH 01462) and varieties (H 86,

 Arka Vikas and Arka Saurabh)

Planting of tomato on raised bed and integrated nutrient management

Raising of nursery in protected conditions to avoid the early infestation of tomato leaf curl virus

Integrated management of buckeye rot and early blight

Marigold as trap crop controls fruit borer of tomato

Protected cultivation using greenhouse/tunnel

Cauliflower

Use of hybrids Summer King and DCH 541 and varieties KT 25 and K 1

Root dipping in Azospirillum/Azotobacter/PSB slurry before transplanting

Cabbage

Use of hybrids Nath 401, KGMR 1 and Quisto and variety Pusa Mukta

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