Goats are among the main source of meat in India. Goat meat is one of the choicest meat and has huge domestic demand. Due to its good economic prospects, goat rearing under intensive and semi-intensive system for commercial production has been gaining momentum for the past few years. High demand for goat and its products with potential of good economic returns have been deriving many progressive farmers and educated youths to take up goat enterprise on a commercial scale.
- Result of cross breed goat rearing is very encouraging so goatery has been subsidiary family income for landless poor women of Deogarh district
- Cross breed goats are less prone to diseases and meat is palatable
- Cross breed goat weighs 25kg within 6 months
Krishi Vigyan Kendra Made a Change
Mrs. Sulochana Kisan is a young tribal woman entrepreneur of Kenduchhapal village of Deogarh district. She was rearing two males and three female goats of local breed. In spite of her maximum involvement in goat rearing, she could not generate any subsidiary income from the goats due to mainly problems like high cost of production and mortality. She came in contact with scientists of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Deogarh during a training programme at village Kenduchhapal. She interacted with the scientist and discussed about her problems. After watching her interest in goat rearing, scientists from KVK visited her farm and imparted technical guidance on health management and advised her to go for improved breeds. With the technical guidance from KVK and local veterinary surgeon, she started goat rearing scientifically. Later on, She got a bank loan of Rs. 2.5 lakhs under SJGSY and started rearing goats of improved breeds like Sirohi and Black Bengal.
KVK, Deogarh provided time to time trainings and conducted FLD on improved goat rearing practices like deworming, vaccination, feed management, supplementation of vitamins and minerals with help from State Veterinary Department, Deogarh. Along with these practices, cross breeding was also done with Boer buck with an idea to get more income. Timely deworming, vaccination and routine checkup lowered down the mortality and morbidity rate thereby increasing the growth and body weight of the goats.
Training Increase the Income
Now, she usually sells the castrated goat at the rate of Rs.6000 and uncastrated at Rs. 2500. She sells the female for Rs.3500. Her net annual income now comes to Rs.50,000, where as cost of rearing the goats is only Rs. 10,000. Mrs. Sulochana Kisan has become a well recognized commercial goat farmer of the district. Now, she is developing and strengthening linkages with the small and traditional goat farmers of the area for taking up breed improvement and organized marketing. Her success has inspired other landless women of her village and they also joined the same venture for their sustainability.
(Source: KVK, Deogarh)