Integrated Farming System Enhanced Livelihood of Tribal Farmers
Manipur is entirely rainfed and rice occupies more than 80% of the agricultural area in the kharif season. The landholdings are small and the farmers practice subsistence farming for their livelihood. The North Eastern people are meat lovers and a huge demand exists for poultry, pork and other meat products. Invariably, there exist deficit in crops, livestock and fishery products. Hence, in order to maximize farm productivity, the technological interventions through Integrated Farming System were adopted in participatory mode by the ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Manipur Centre, Imphal.
Considering the physical, social and economic limitations of the Manipur, an integrated farming system model was developed in the field of Henkpao (Tribal farmer) in Tollen village, Churachandpur district of Manipur during 2011–12 to 2013–14. The model comprises four ha of fenced area in the vicinity of the tribal settlement integrated with seven components. With the assistance of Tribal Sub-Plan, technological interventions was made through high yielding variety Paddy (RCM-9), Maize (Pusa composite-3), groundnut (ICGS-76), pea (Azad pea-1), vegetables [cabbage (Rareball) and cauliflower (Early Hemlata)], fruits (50 tree bean, 50 kachai lemon and 50 orange), six piglets (Cross bred Hampshire), 125 poultry (Gramapriya), fishery (fingerlings of Common carp, grass carp and Catla), agri-polythene sheets of 250 micron meant for Jalkunds and vermicomposting unit for waste recycling. The capacity building programme on Integrated Farming System was conducted to the villagers in whom the beneficiary farmer also participated.