Self Employment through Poultry Farming in Nagaland
Low input backyard farming with deshi birds is the mainstream of poultry production prevailing in North Eastern states in India particularly Nagaland. The organized poultry sector in Nagaland consists of only 1.64% broiler and 0.80% layer to meet the demand of egg and meat required for almost 100 percent non-vegetarian population. Further, the preference of eggs and meat from coloured birds resembling to deshi is always very high and fetches almost double price than the commercial eggs and broiler meat.
To improve the rural poultry production in Nagaland, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Nagaland Centre, Jharnapani initiated the production of quality germplasm of dual purpose Vanaraja and layer type Gramapriya varieties under Poultry Seed Project in collaboration with Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad in 2009-10. In last five years, the centre has produced 5.93 lakhs fertile eggs and 2.63 lakh chicks at the hatchery unit. More than 2.03 lakh chicks were supplied to the farmers' directly or through KVKs, NGOs, and central sponsored programs throughout the states of Nagaland, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. More than twenty capacity building programs for farmers, unemployed rural youth, women SHGs, covering about 1000 beneficiaries and 744 on-farm demonstrations with 25632 birds were conducted to popularize the Vanaraja and Gramapriya varieties in the state.