Technology Enables Farmers to Secure Livelihood in Andaman Islands
The Climate of coastal lowlands of Andaman Islands is not conducive for agriculture due to various environmental factors. Fewer rainy days, increasing length of dry spell along with soil salinity during dry season makes agriculture highly vulnerable in this area. It is vital to manage the threat emanating from the rising mean global temperature and sea level to ensure the sustainable livelihood of people inhabiting these areas. In addition, after 2004, tsunami seawater is more often gushing into the land inundating paddy fields with saline water. Inundation by seawater combined with heavy tropical rain often destroy field crop. Collinpur village of South Andaman is one among the several villages affected by these problems.
Realising that agriculture and livelihood are being worst affected by saline water intrusion and climate change a raised bed and furrow system was demonstrated in the field of Shri. Ranjit Baroi and ten other farmers at Collinpur Village, South Andaman Island by ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair under National Agricultural Innovation Project. Since then, life has dramatically changed for Shri Baroi of Collinpur village, South Andaman Island in a span of three years from 2012.