Methane is the second most significant greenhouse gas (GHG) in the atmosphere. The present atmospheric concentration of methane is about 1889 ppb which is increasing at an average rate of 10 ppb per year. Enteric fermentation with an annual emission of 87–97 Tg, remains one of the largest sources of methane in the agriculture sector.
The contribution of global cattle and buffaloes to the annual enteric methane emission is 77 and 13%, respectively. India has about 13% of the global population of cattle and 53% of the global population of buffaloes and these account for 4.92 and 2.91 Tg of annual global enteric methane emission from the respective species.
ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology has carried out systematic and comprehensive research and developed phyto-sources based anti-methanogenic products such as Harit Dhara and Tamarin Plus.
To ensure the widespread availability of anti-methanogenic supplement across different parts of the country and seasons, the ICAR-NIANP and M/s Radiant Chem Industries, Chennai entered a functional- industry-linkage through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for undertaking collaborative research to develop anti-methanogenic product (s) using industrially available tannins.
The MoU was signed by Dr Raghavendra Director, ICAR-NIANP and Mr. Bharat Jain from M/s Radiant Chem Industries, Chennai.
(Source: ICAR-NIANP, Bengaluru)